Friday, 15 April 2016

NATIONAL SURVEY DAY – 2016

 The Institution of Engineers (India)
96 years of Relentless Journey Towards Engineering Advancement for Nation Building
                                      Vijayawada Local Center
 NATIONAL SURVEY DAY – 2016
Brief note on the Technical Talk on
ROLE OF SURVEYING IN PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTION OF AMARAVATHI
Prof. Kodali Srinivas *
The Vijayawada Local Center of the Institution of Engineers (India) organized National Survey Day – 2016 at its premises on Monday, the 11th April, 2016 at 18.30 hrs.  Er. V Gopal, FIE invited the dignitaries on to the dais while Er. Butta Rajasekhar, MIE introduced the speaker to the audience.
Dr. M Kamaraju, FIE, Chairman of the center presided over the meeting. The speaker Prof. Kodali Srinivas, Professor of Civil Engineering Department, Kallam Harinatha Reddy Institute of Engineering & Technology, Guntur while delivering on the caption ROLE OF SURVEYING IN PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTION OF AMARAVATHI with Power Point Presentation said that the planning and design of all Civil Engineering projects such as construction of Towns, cites, highways, Water ways, bridges, tunnels, dams etc are based upon surveying measurements.

Moreover, during execution, project of any magnitude is constructed along the lines and points established by surveying. Thus, surveying is a basic requirement for all Civil Engineering projects. 
Here we have a life time opportunity to participate in planning and construction of  Amaravati, the People's capital of Andhra Pradesh. It is envisioned to be a city of world-class standards with a vision of increasing Andhra Pradesh’s prominence in the world. It will be developed as smart, Blue-Green and sustainable city.  The Capital has to provide cutting-edge infrastructure, comfortable livelihood and immense prosperity for the People of Amaravati. 
To achieve all the objectives in planning and construction of Amaravati, the surveying along with our traditional vaasthu have significance role.
He advised A.P. State Govt. to follow a uniform Vaasthu principles throughout the planning and construction of Government offices as well as private buildings.  
The planning should not be altered in future by the so called vaasthu advisers for their will and wish.  
To make convenience to the people it is advisable to fix a permanent north point to the Amaravathi City. Alignment of roads and buildings are strictly based on this North Point. 

 A memento was presented to the speaker by Prof. K Ravindra Rao, FIE.  Finally, vote of thanks was proposed by Er. GV Srinivasulu, MIE, Hon. Secretary of this local center.
·         Professor of Civil Engineering Department, Kallam Haranatha Reddy Institute of Engineering & Technology, Chowdavaram, Guntur. 

Thursday, 24 October 2013

Bhakra Dam - 50 years of its glorious service of the Nation

India Post released a stamp depicting the Bhakra Dam on 22nd October 2013 to celebrate 50 years of its glorious service of the Nation
Golden Jubilee of Bhakra Dam
Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam across the Sutlej River, and is in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh in northern India.
The dam, located at  Bhakra village in Bilaspur district of Himachal Pradesh, is India's second tallest at 225.55 m (740 ft) high next to the 261m Tehri Dam . The length of the dam (measured from the road above it) is 518.25 m; it is 9.1 m broad. Its reservoir, known as the "Gobind Sagar", stores up to 9.34 billion cubic metres of water,  is spread over an area of 168.35 km2. In terms of storage of water, it withholds the second largest reservoir in India, the first being Indira Sagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh with capacity of 12.22 billion cu m.
Bhakra Dam was Described as 'New Temple of Resurgent India' by Jawaharlal Nehru, the first prime minister of India. Nangal dam is another dam downstream of Bhakra dam. Sometimes both the dams together are called Bhakra-Nangal dam though they are two separate dams.
Earlier two Stamps were issued on Bhakra Dam by  India Post. 
A Definitive stamp on Bhakra dam - 15-3-1967

Silver Jubilee of Bhakra dam - 15-12-1988

Saturday, 6 August 2011

Rashtrapati Bhavan - New Delhi

India Post  Issued A set of Four stamps and a miniature sheet on Ratrapathi Bhavan
Date of Issue : 05 Aug 2011 


Miniature sheet 

The Rashtrapati Bhavan or The Official Residence of the Head of the State is the official residence of the President of India, located at Raisina hill in New Delhi. Until 1950 it was known as "Viceroy's House" and served as the residence of the Viceroy and Governor-General of India.
The splendour of the Rashtrapati Bhavan is multi-dimensional. It is a vast mansion and its architecture is breathtaking.  Its architect was Edwin Landseer Lutyens.

The decision to build a residence in New Delhi for the British Viceroy was taken after it was decided in the Delhi Durbar of 1911 that the capital of India would be shifted from Calcutta to Delhi in the same year. 

This vast mansion has got four floors and 340 rooms,with a floor area of 200, 000 square feet .The most prominent and distinguishing aspect of Rashtrapati Bhavan is its dome which is superimposed on its structure. It is visible from a distance and the most eye-catching round roof with a circular base in the heart of Delhi.
The striking  feature of the architecture of the Rashtrapati Bhavan is the use of Indian temple bells in its pillars. It is well known that the temple bells constitute part and parcel of our composite culture, particularly that of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain traditions. Blending these bells with the Hellenic style architecture is a fine example of the fusion of Indian and European designs. Such bells are conspicuous in their absence in the North Block, South Block and in Parliament House. It is interesting to note that the ideas to adopt such bells in the pillars of Rashtrapati Bhavan came from a Jain temple at Moodabidri in Karnataka.
The Mughal Gardens situated at the back of the Rashtrapati Bhavan, incorporates both Mughal and English landscaping styles. It displays numerous types of flowers and is open to public in February every year.

Friday, 22 April 2011

16 ways to celebrate Earth Day !!

Big environment. Big issues. Little you. If you feel as if there's not much one person can do to make a positive impact on the environment ...
Just take a look at these 'Go Green'  stamps issued by U.S.Post. They illustrate simple things we each can do every day. With only a few small changes to the way we live.
Out of milk? Walk or bike to the store. Repair that drippy faucet—the noise was driving you crazy, anyway. 
Switch to energy-efficient light bulbs. 
Put on a sweater instead of turning up the thermostat. 
Sun dry your sheets—they'll smell wonderful!
Is it enough to make a difference? Absolutely. Recycling just one aluminum can reduces waste—and saves enough energy to run a computer for three hours. Multiply that by 10—or 200—cans. 
Simple insulation like caulking or weather stripping pays for itself with reduced utility bills within one year. 
Properly inflating your car tires improves gas mileage by as much as three percent. You're not just saving the environment, you're saving—period. Suddenly small steps seem pretty big.
Best of all, once you've started thinking—and acting—green, you'll feel proud that you've been part of a big change. "Home" just got greener.

Saturday, 30 October 2010

The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium - Delhi


The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Delhi, India, is a multipurpose sports arena hosting football and other sporting events, as well as large-scale entertainment events. It is named after the first Prime Minister of India. 

The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium was constructed by the Government of India to host the 9th Asian Games in 1982, following which it hosted the 1989 Asian Championships in Athletics and the2010 Commonwealth Games.

In preparation for the 2010 Commonwealth Games, the stadium reduced its capacity from 78,000 to 60,000 spectators.The all-seater facility seats 60,000 spectators, and up to 100,000 for concerts. In terms of seating capacity, it is the third largest multipurpose stadium in India and the 51st largest in the world.
Renovation For 2010 Commonwealth Games :

Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium hosted the 2010 Delhi Commonwealth Games Opening ceremony as well as the Closing ceremony.The stadium was given a new roof, improved seating, and other facilities to meet international standards as it hosts the athletic events and the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2010 Commonwealth Games.
  • The 53,800 m² Teflon-coated roof, designed by Schlaich Bergermann & Partner, was built at a cost of Rs. 308 crore.
  • Taiyo Membrane Corporation supplied and installed the PTFE glass fibre fabric roof.
  • 8,500 tonnes of steel were used in the construction of the stadium's roof and its support structure.
  • A new 10-lane synthetic track, synthetic warm-up track, and a synthetic lawn ball field were added.
  • Two new venues were constructed next to the stadium for the Games: four synthetic greens for the lawn bowls event and a 2,500-seat gymnasium for the weightlifting event. A 400-metre warm-up track was also constructed.
  • Nearly 4,000 labourers worked in double shifts to finish the stadium in time.
  • A 150m long tunnel was constructed for the opening and closing ceremonies.
  • The support structure for the new roof is similar to London's Olympic Stadium, which is under construction.
  • The design is similar to Foshan Stadium in China, built by the same designers.
  • 24 condom machines were installed by the Ministry of Health.
  • In case of emergency, the construction allows spectators to evacuate within 6 minutes.

Vaastu – It's Relevance Today


Believe nothing, merely because you have been told it or because it is traditional or because you yourself have imagined it - Buddha.

In recent times there has been a sudden upsurge of interest in Vaastu. People are spending a lot of money and efforts in the name of Vaastu. Now it is a universal affair throughout the country. We must examine the relevance of traditional vaastu for present day structures.
Vaastu is derived from the Sanskrit root “Vas” which means to dwell. Vaastu is hence a dwelling, the scope of which extends from a house to a house plot, a hamlet, a village, a town, a city etc.; it also represents the quality and strength of materials which are generally used in the construction of buildings.
Vaastu Shastra is basically a science of planning and construction of houses and other public buildings. It is developed by several ancient scholars and sages at various places in different times for orderly growth of settlements. The original principles have undergone several modifications to suit the needs of the society. Presently this modified Vaastu is adapting to all types of structures. These new inter pretations should be analysed carefully.

It is well known that almost all the Sanskrit sutras have a double-edge meaning, the one which is obvious and the other hidden. Due to lack of proper understanding several misapprehensions have developed about Vaastu. For example grounds with gentle slope towards North or East or North-East corner were considered auspicious. This principle developed on the basis of topography of the land. Most of the rivers in our country flow towards East. Generally a place which is having sloped towards North or East or North-East corner is safe against floods. The slope of ground towards other directions are said to be inauspicious. However this principle is not applicable to all places. There is an exactly opposite principle also. According to Apasthambha the slope towards South, West or South-West corner is only auspicious. These two principles are quite contradictory. This it self is sufficient to prove the aim of Vaastu. Both Sutras are valid for their respective areas and should be given equal weight and importance. Also the texts of Vaastu mention that the ground slope in the directions other than prescribed will lead to Kula Nasanam (destruct of race / tribe or abode). This means the settlement will be inundated by floods. This rule does not apply to house plots. For the context of a house plot, the purpose of ground slope is to facilitate easy drainage of surface water. Sites with depression in the middle are to be avoided, because water is likely to stagnate in the depression.

The ancient settlements generally centered a temple or other public building at the highest point with outward slope in all directions. According to Varahamihira’s Bruhat Samhitha, the high-born people can have their dwelling in ground sloping in any direction.
This shows that there is no inauspiciousness at attributed to slope in any direction. But today most of vaastu pandits say that the ground slope is not towards the North or East or North-East corner, misfortunes and calamities will fall upon the occupant of the house, such as death, illness etc. This type of half knowledge of self-styled vaastu experts creates a psychological fear in the gullible public. The so called vaastu pandits make a mockery of knowledge by charging exorbitant fees for a certain ‘Set of Vaastu Principles’.


True knowledge and the right application of Vaastu will give only comfort and convenience to the occupants.It is essential that the Vaastu principles and statements should be studied, understood and analysed properly. The relevant rules may be considered in the present day structures and used judiciously.

The principles of Vaastu should be demystified and a new approach is to be made to the subject as an ancient art of building science and technology.

Thursday, 7 January 2010

Burj Khalifa - Today's Tallest structure


Burj Khalifa , formerly known as Burj Dubai, is a skyscraper in Dubai, U.A.E., and is currently the tallest structure ever built, at 828 m (2,717 ft).
Tower Construction began on 21 September 2004, with the exterior of the structure completed on 1 October 2009.
The building officially opened on 4 January 2010.

Current records

  1. Tallest skyscraper to top of spire: 828 m (2,717 ft) - previously Taipei 101 – 509.2 m (1,671 ft)
  2. Tallest structure ever built: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously 646.38 m (2,121 ft)) Warsaw radio mast
  3. Tallest extant structure: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously KVLY-TV mast – 628.8 m (2,063 ft))
  4. Tallest freestanding structure: 828 m (2,717 ft) (previously CN Tower – 553.3 m (1,815 ft))
  5. Building with most floors: 160 (previously – 108 floors in Willis Tower)
  6. World's highest elevator installation
  7. World's fastest elevators at speed of 64 km/h (40 mph) or 18 m/s (59 ft/s) (previously Taipei 101 – 16.83 m/s)
  8. Highest vertical concrete pumping (for a building): 606 m (1,988 ft) (previously Taipei 101 – 449.2 m (1,474 ft))
  9. Highest vertical concrete pumping (for any construction): 606 m (1,988 ft)
  10. The first in history to include residential space
  11. Highest outdoor observation deck in the world (124th floor)
  12. World's highest mosque (located on the 154th floor)
  13. World's highest installation of an aluminium and glass façade, at a height of 512 m (1,680 ft)
  14. World's highest swimming pool (76th floor)